Built in 1929 as the German pavilion for the Universal Exhibition, the building is simple in form but constructed with luxurious materials such as travertine marble.
The pavilion was dismantled in 1930 once the Exhibition had ended. Over time it became a key reference in the career path of Mies van der Rohe and for 20th-century architecture. As a result, the pavilion was rebuilt in 1980 and opened in 1986 on the original site.
It is one of the most important monuments of modern 20th-century architecture, and has been extensively studied and interpreted, as well as inspiring the work of several generations of architects. The pavilion was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, director of the Bauhaus, the centre for aesthetic reflection that changed the course of art and design in Europe.
The pavilion is constructed with glass, steel and four different types of marble: Roman travertine, green Alpine marble, ancient green marble from Greece and golden onyx from the Atlas Mountains.
Address: Avenida Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, 7
Buses: 13, 50
Metro: Espanya (L1 and L3)